Evaluating Sources

By Teresa Martinez

La versión en español está disponible al final de este documento.

The other day I read a USA Today article that said that by 2030 librarianship as a profession would cease to exist.[i] The article implied that the pursuit of a degree in librarianship was useless. In 2006, I was told in library school that since the invention of the printing press naysayers declared the demise of librarianship. It was said everyone would have their own books and “librarians” would no longer be needed to store and archive knowledge. Technology and technological advances often cause people to fear job loss. Computers and Google have not displaced librarians. In fact, the abundance of information has created additional jobs for librarians. However, the USA Today article is the first time I have seen the proclamation stated so definitively in a widely distributed source (over 5 million daily readers).[ii]
Today, individuals and groups regularly dole out information for us to swiftly gulp down on the run without regard to its reliability, authority or authenticity. Like accepting suspiciously sweet acidic medicine from my mom when I was sick, I look to news agencies to provide quality information to help me navigate the world and the changing environments. USA Today is well-regarded as an authoritative source so it concerned me that many of the readers might believe the article without reflection, discussion or investigation. So how can we tell what is “good” information?
I decided to track the source of the article and use the investigation to help others trek the changing information landscape which they encounter every moment of each day on the web, their phones, or other media sources. I discovered the primary source for the article was Real Match, a company whose sole purpose is to match people in the job market with employees seeking organizations. In this case, USA Today is one of their partners and may have purchased information from them because they appear to have the pulse of the employment market. Still, I needed more insight to determine the quality. Here are two of the basic questions I ask myself whenever I encounter an information source to evaluate the worthiness of material whether in print, electronic, or any other form:
  1. Who is the specified authority (author, sponsor or editor of the work)? What kind of credentials (academic or practical training) does the person responsible for the information have on the topic? For example, the USA Today article was provided by a job search company who did not have a clear understanding about libraries or librarianship as noted in this statement in the body of the article, “as books fall out of favor, libraries are not as popular as they once were.” Books are “not out of favor;” they are being produced in a different format and libraries are thriving. One has simply to go to the local public library or academic library and see many people utilizing the many types of collections or electronic resources provided. People who value libraries know that libraries are not simple storehouses for books and librarians are not there to file and safeguard the books. Librarians are curators of information in all forms and they help people engage the resources meaningfully usually at little to no cost. Librarians generate information about information, and that is how they contribute to a growing body of knowledge. 
  1. What is the purpose in producing the product (writing, webpage, etc.)? Some reasons people produce information are noble and some are not. For example, it is not uncommon to find misinformation, disinformation or propaganda regularly online, in speeches or in print. Therefore, groups like FactCheck.org and Snopes.com exist to check our honesty meter. There was a time when one could believe something if it was seen with “my own eyes.” Now with photo and video manipulation software one cannot even trust what one sees. Everything must be examined critically and thoroughly which is contra-intuitive in a fast-paced society.[iii] Librarians often fill the gap by evaluating material and teaching others to do likewise. Librarians are responsive to changing information environments for the common good not for profit or gain.
Furthermore, I ask myself, how do people know the difference between the news on TMZ, the Wall Street Journal, or the New York Times? Do they recognize the bias each publisher has or does it even matter? Then I ask what procedures are in place to verify the information they provide? There was a time when every news story was validated by three (hopefully reliable) sources. Today, many news agencies establish relationships with outside entities and pay them for information. To add to the complication, online content gets promoted through search engine optimization activities which help the paying customer get their pages placed at the top of the result list. The information consumer is often unaware of this activity and believes that if a result is at the top it must be the best quality.
So, contrary to popular belief, librarianship is not dead. On the contrary, librarianship is needed more than ever. As the U.S. population changes, librarians from a variety of cultural and socio-economic groups need to organize information in meaningful ways as they engage in the discovery and selection process. Keeping information free or as inexpensive as possible no matter the delivery system is a priority for librarians. Librarians evolve because information and library user needs change. Whether we are selecting; organizing or providing print or electronic resources; or even providing cake pans to check out in communities who cannot afford them; librarians have a unique, though often unrecognized and necessary role in a free society.

TMartinez picture

Teresa Martinez serves as the Director of the Learning Resources Center and Chair of the Associate of Arts in Cross-cultural Studies at Baptist University of the Américas.   

[i] https://www.usatoday.com/story/money/careers/2017/10/13/8-jobs-that-wont-exist-in-2030/104219994/

[ii] https://service.usatoday.com/faq/utfaq.jsp

[iii] https://www.ifla.org/publications/node/11174?gclid=CjwKCAjwssvPBRBBEiwASFoVd0etOuudMpT0qvDi5CR-C0jIgYZXiBSUG_lB_-C8DrAFSUoUQnIbOxoCE44QAvD_BwE

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How Do You Feel about Miracles?

By Maria Monteiro

La versión en español está disponible al final de este documento.        

Last spring I was invited to share some remarks on the occasion of BUA’s 70th Anniversary. As I finished, I received a second invitation, to submit my reflections for publication in this blog. I accepted gladly as this invitation represents a new opportunity to continue sharing about BUA’s story and God’s miracles.
If I were to ask you to name miraculous events in the Bible, I am sure we would be able to compose a long list of miracles very quickly (the parting of the Red Sea, the sun standing still, the feeding of the 5,000, and the rising of Lazarus, to name a few). But what if I asked you to share about a miracle not recorded in scripture, a modern-day miracle?
Before going any further, I would like to share some dictionary definitions of the word miracle:
  1. a surprising and welcome event that is not explicable by natural or  scientific laws and is therefore considered to be the work of a divine agency.
  2. a highly improbable or extraordinary event, development, or accomplishment that brings very welcome consequences.
  3. an amazing product or achievement, or an outstanding example of something.
Now, by applying any of these definitions, can you think of a miracle you yourself have witnessed? I can; and not just one, but many.
As we reflect on the idea of miracles, we will need to include one essential element in the conversation: FAITH. Do you want to see miracles? You need to have faith. This prerequisite does not come from me; it comes from God. If we believe, Jesus said, we will see the glory of God (John 11:40).
I started teaching at BUA in 2003 and throughout these years I have witnessed the fulfillment of this wonderful promise. Even in a very broad sense, the definitions of miracle I have just mentioned such as “a highly improbable or extraordinary event that brings very welcome consequences” can be easily applied to many of my experiences at BUA. Experiences I consider to be miracles.
I would like to share some of these miraculous stories for two reasons. First, I hope that these testimonies provide a witness to the amazing community BUA truly is. This is important because at times there have been doubts about the need for BUA, as well as its viability in this very competitive market of higher education. Second, and more importantly, I hope that these testimonies serve as powerful reminders of God’s constant care and amazing grace towards all of us, his children. There is no need to name the sisters and brothers who are the protagonists in these stories. However, you need to know that I have witnessed personally how God intervened in miraculous ways in their lives with “very welcome consequences.”
By faith one of our sisters came to San Antonio not even able to read but convinced that BUA was the perfect school to prepare her to fulfill her divine calling; BUA became her home, a place where she enjoyed the friendship of students, professors, and administrators; a school that gave her unimaginable opportunities and when she left, she went as a missionary, serving at home and abroad.
By faith one of our brothers decided to flee from a dangerous life of drugs and petty crimes, and follow his pastor’s counsel who directed him to go to BUA. A few years later he graduated with high honors and today he is a pastor himself.
By faith one of our sisters fought discrimination and prejudice, ignoring the hurtful words of her high school counselor, who asked: “College? You? Who do you think you are?” She enrolled at BUA, a place where her gifts were valued and nurtured, and where she discovered that yes, she was “college material;” actually, “graduate school material.” Today, after a brilliant academic career, she serves God and people as a distinguished chaplain.
By faith one of our brothers found the purpose he had been looking for. He came to BUA from a wealthy, loving Christian family; he had money, health, he was even tall and handsome, but it was through his studies at BUA that he discovered the path to true joy: today he is a teacher, a coach, a community activist, and lives as a committed follower of Jesus Christ.
By faith one of our sisters found herself as a BUA student, years after suffering a horrific accident. She recovered, and came to believe that her God-given mission had not ended. Today, in addition to being a mother and grandmother, she is a dedicated elementary school music teacher and an exemplary BUA student. “God brought me here,” she has said many times. “BUA is a marvelous blessing not only to me but to my entire family.”
I could go on and on. But I think the point is clear. Now, you may be asking: why so many miracles? I would say that it is because of the central place of faith in the life of our community. We believe, and that opens up the possibility of miracles; our faith nurtures an environment where God’s interventions are recognized and celebrated. In fact, I would dare to say that divine interventions are expected.
Don’t misunderstand me. BUA is a university. We do have strategic plans, handbooks, policies, and catalogs; we submit reports to and seek the appropriate approvals from the powers that be; students pay tuition, go to class, study, take exams and write papers; professors lecture, give presentations, advise students, take classes on field trips, grade papers and exams. In other words, we are an institution of higher education. But that does not prevent us from making room for God. That is what makes us needed and, ultimately, viable.
Now, by looking at the history of our school, we can see that at times we have found ourselves like the Israelites, at the edge of the Red Sea, asking “what do we do now?” 
But what takes BUA to the edge? The bold mission of being a school which seeks to offer a place at the higher education table for all God’s children; the financial challenges of being an institution that is not driven by tuition, but instead relies on the generosity of our donors and friends, those who have understood and embraced our unique mission; and the obstacles faced by a community which continues to fight the evils of discrimination, prejudice, racism, and sexism.
But, just like the Israelites, we don’t get to see the parting of the Sea, unless we are standing at the edge. And then, God intervenes, and we get to witness one more miracle!
After teaching at BUA for thirteen years, this is what I have come to understand: BUA is indeed a special place; a place where I have met remarkable people, learned extraordinary life and faith lessons, and witnessed the miracle of God’s wisdom and power, over and over.
So, as we celebrate BUA’s anniversary, I want to thank God for the mission He has given us and praise Him for all of his blessings. “Through many dangers, toils, and snares, we have already come.” And, as we have been doing since 1947, we press on, running “with perseverance the race that is set before us.” Happy Anniversary, BUA!

 Maria Montero 5

Maria Monteiro is Assistant Professor and Chair of the Music Department at Baptist University of the Américas. She holds a Bachelor’s and a Master’s of Music degrees from Baylor University, and a Certificate of Graduate Studies in Musicology from Duke University. Monteiro is a doctoral student in Church Music at Baylor, and serves as music director of Primera Iglesia Bautista Mexicana in San Antonio. She was born in Recife, Brazil, and is married to Marconi Monteiro. Their only daughter, Juliana, teaches art at Hondo High School.

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Honoring Older Generations

By Sophia Botello

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In the U.S., Grandparents Day is celebrated the second Sunday of September. Grandparents Day is not as widely known or acknowledged as Mother’s Day or Father’s Day, but it is an important day nonetheless. I was a first-grade Sunday school teacher when I really discovered this holiday. I downloaded coloring pages of superhero-clad grandparents for the children to color and give to their grandparents. The children really enjoyed it, so from then on, I made it a point, every year on Grandparents Day, to do an activity that would connect the children to their grandparents. And if they did not have a grandparent, I had them do the activity for an older person they knew.
Recently, I ran into one of those grandparents at the grocery store and he told me he still had that picture his granddaughter gifted to him ten years ago. He said he proudly displays this picture on his refrigerator, and that he makes it a point to spend time with all his grandchildren on this day.
I was so moved by this story that I had all of my own grandparents on my mind for the rest of that day. Specifically, I had my mother’s mother on my mind. My grandmother spent some time in an orphanage in Corpus Christi – her childhood unstable, at best. At age 16, she married my grandfather and started a family. They became farm workers who worked where they could find work and lived where shelter could be provided. They did everything: from hoeing weeds in the cotton fields of Texas to picking cherries in Colorado. 
During this time, my grandmother had 10 children. My mother and aunts and uncles were born and raised in this migratory life, with my grandmother working hard every day to raise her family. My mother recalls this instance as a young girl: she saw my grandmother in the kitchen making the usual large stacks of tortillas, tears streaming down her face. My mother’s memory has become embedded in my own mind. How many women have cried by the stove or within the traditional domestic space of the kitchen? And who knows why she was crying? Stress? Depression? Fear? One thing was for sure – my grandmother had no access to health or wellness programs, and even if she did, she didn’t even know how to drive a vehicle to go to the places where these services were offered. 
Despite this difficult life, my grandmother had faith in Jesus. She would gather all her children and read to them from the Bible; she brought Jesus into their lives. My grandmother was a woman who had a dear love for Jesus, and I’m sure He gave her hope through many tough times. 
My grandmother died unexpectedly in a car accident when I was twelve. I was very close to her, but she, herself, never told me about her life – I was too young. My mother and other family members have relayed my family history to me, and, as an adult, I have gained so much simply by knowing about her life and her experiences. Imagine how much I could learn and grow if she was here in person to share her experiences with me! I am in my forties now and she has been gone for many years, but I still long for her hugs, her laugh, her wisdom… 
Grandparents Day functions as a day where younger generations can connect to and learn from older family generations. The same is true for the older generations – they can learn from younger generations. And I know every family is unique.  Some people do not know their biological family, or they are children who are adopted, or families are mixed with stepparents and stepchildren. But at the heart of Grandparents’ Day is intergenerational communication that fosters an overall love and respect for one another.     
I encourage readers – whether you are a grandparent or a grandchild – to reach out and bridge generational gaps. Share experiences, stories, and struggles; relay values; learn cultural heritages and traditions. And because I believe in the power of writing – write down what you learn and keep a written record for future generations. 
My grandmother never had any musical education, but she composed a song based off of John 15: 13: “Greater love has no one than this: to lay down one’s life for one’s friends.” She would hum the tune and sing the words as she went about her housework. I have written down and printed the lyrics she penned and I have them displayed in the writing center at Baptist University of the Américas, where I work as the writing center director. It is not lost on me that my grandmother only had an eighth-grade education, yet her words welcome undergraduate students to an academic space at a university whose mission is the formation of cross-cultural Christian leaders. 
It is comforting for me to see her words every time I walk into the writing center. They help me to remember my family history and serve as a reminder of the hardships my family has endured; they make me appreciate all the blessings God has bestowed upon me and my family. I have access to healthcare, I work in an air-conditioned building, and I can easily go to the store to buy tortillas. Her spirit and memory give me a heart of gratitude and encourage me to be my best. I love to see her words in the writing center – like the grandparent who proudly displays their grandchild’s artwork on the refrigerator. 

Sophia Botello Picture

Sophia Botello is Instructor of English and Director of the Writing Center at Baptist University of the Américas in San Antonio, Texas.

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The Church’s Response to Postmodernism

By Rick McClatchy

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Introduction
Barna found that 48% of the USA population were post-Christian, meaning they either disbelieved in God or they were no longer participating in the life of the church.[i] Of course many of those who are no longer participating in the church do identify themselves as Christians, and a better term to describe them would be post-Church, meaning they have left the church but not necessarily Christianity. Their number is growing according to Pew at about 1% per year.[ii] A significant portion of these people have adopted a postmodern perspective, to which the church has failed to adequately respond. My desire is to suggest ways that the church can reach out to the growing postmodern population that has left the church.
The Postmodern Challenge
Postmodern people desire to experience God in their daily life rather than to simply know theology. Therefore, churches must change their practices of spiritual formation from a rational approach to an experiential approach. A recent study on Christian practices of spiritual formation found the top three responses were—prayer, Bible Study, and reading a book on a spiritual topic. That same study found that those not connected with the church engaged in spiritual formation in another manner. Their top three responses were spending time in nature for reflection, meditation, and practicing silence or solitude.[iii] This study reveals that postmoderns are not wanting to go to a Bible study where they spend a short time in prayer and then study biblical/theological data. That whole approach is too rationally oriented. They are looking for ways to experience God in their life now. 
The church will need to do two major things to connect with the experience-oriented, post-modern population: 1) change its processes of spiritual formation and 2) develop a group of lay people capable of becoming spiritual friends to the disconnected postmoderns.
Changing the Process of Spiritual Formation
Churches would be more effective in connecting with postmoderns if they made their spiritual formation process more experience oriented. One way to do this is to use nature as part of the church’s spiritual practice. The biblical writers were well aware of how nature can connect us with God, e.g. Psalm 19, Romans 1:19-20. Examining the Christian mystical tradition would be a good place for churches to enhance their understanding of a spirituality connected to nature.[iv] A two-volume work by Steven Chase provides exercises on how to use nature as part of one’s spiritual practice.[v]              
Also, expanding the use of contemplative practices such as Lectio Divina and centering prayer would be very helpful, since these practices use solitude and a more meditative approach. Lectio Divina’s practice of scripture reading, meditation, and prayer to promote communion with God is better designed to appeal to people’s desire to experience God than the traditional Bible study class which is designed to convey biblical information. Centering prayer is a method of silent prayerful meditation and openness, which enables one to be aware of God’s presence in and around us.
Developing Lay Spiritual Friends
Certainly, the above additions of immersion in nature, Lectio Divina, centering prayer, and other practices from the Christian mystical tradition would be great additions to the Church’s move from a rational-oriented spirituality to an experience-oriented spirituality. However, those changes are only helpful if one can get postmodern people to participate in the church’s spiritual formation exercises–a prospect that is not too likely. In most cases, one will have to make initial spiritual connections with these people outside of church settings. 
To make these connections outside of church settings, the church will need to develop the practice of reversed hospitality by going into the community and receiving the hospitality extended by others to them. This was the general practice of Jesus, and he instructed the seventy in this method.[vi]                       
Therefore, most churches would be wise to develop a large pool of lay people who could become spiritual friends that could assist people on their spiritual journey and comfortably engage with the spiritual questions that arise in everyday conversations.[vii] One of the major challenges facing lay people who become spiritual friends is that they will need to be very comfortable and competent in dealing with the emerging postmodern spirituality. This postmodern spirituality works with four major values:
      • Spiritual living embraces awe and wonder.[viii]      
      • Spiritual living is a journey of growth and discovery.[ix]  
      • Spiritual living accepts doubt and mystery.[x]        
      • Spiritual living moves toward community life that is accepting and non-institutional.
Also, these spiritual friends would need to be people who learn to ask important questions in spiritual conversations that arise, such as:[xi]
      • When was the last time you experienced awe?
      • Do you think that feelings of awe and wonder are opening us up to deeper dimension of human experience and reality?
      • Do you think doubt plays a role in our spiritual journey?
      • What gives you hope?
The assumption behind such questions is that the Cosmic Christ, the agent of creation who fills the universe (John 5:1-5, Eph. 4:10, Col 1:15-17, Heb 1:1-3), has already been at work in a person’s life. This will require intense and deep listening by the spiritual friend, which in turn will allow the other person to do some deep listening of how God is communicating with him/her.
Another issue that spiritual friends will need to realize is that some of the people who they engage with outside of the church may never become a member of the church. The trend of the deinstitutionalization of spirituality will make it difficult to connect the church with these people’s spiritual journey. However, strong personal spiritual friendships with people in the church, along with the offering of spiritual formation practices as outlined above will provide the church the best opportunity of connecting with postmodern people.
Conclusion
The church can reach the growing postmodern population but it will require that the church adopt new ways of connecting people with the message of Jesus. The church has done this many times in the past and can do so again.

rick mcclatchy

Dr. Rick McClatchy is State Coordinator for the Cooperative Baptist Fellowship of Texas and an adjunct professor at Baptist University of the Américas.
[i] https://www.barna.com/research/state-church-2016/?utm_source=Barna+Update+List&utm_campaign=12907b5d15-The_State_of_the_Church_2016&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_8560a0e52e-12907b5d15-180567977&mc_cid=12907b5d15&mc_eid=f12eac33ff#.V9wB_5grI_x
[ii] Pew Research Center, “America’s Changing Religious Landscape” (May 12, 2015) http://www.pewforum.org/2015/05/12/americas-changing-religious-landscape/.
[iii] Jeff Brumley, “Contemplative practices can lure the ‘spiritual but not religious’ to Christianity, expert says”, Baptist News Global (April 21, 2017) https://baptistnews.com/contemplative-practices-can-lure-spiritual-not-religious-christianity-expert-says/#WP4vlVKZOu5
[iv] A good book to examine those in the Christian mystical tradition is Carl McColman, Christian Mystics: 108 Seers, Saints, and Sages (Charlottsville, VA: Hampton Roads Publishing, 2016). Another book to introduce laity to the thinking of the Christian mystics is a daily devotional book by Matthew Fox, Christian Mystics: 365 Readings and Meditations (Novato, CA: New World Library, 2011). 
[v] Steven Chase, Nature as Spiritual Practice (Grand Rapids, MI: William B. Eerdmans Publishing, 2011), and A Field Guide to Nature as Spiritual Practice (Grand Rapids, MI: William B. Eerdmans Publishing, 2011).
[vi] This insight of reversed hospitality was provided to me by Michael Gregg, pastor at Royal Lane Baptist Church in Dallas. He did a D.Min. project on this topic, “Becoming Strangers: Discovering the Presence of God by Receiving Hospitality Communities Outside Northside Drive Baptist Church” at MacAfee School of Theology in 2014.
[vii] A good book that explores the concept of becoming a spiritual friend to others is Joseph A. Stewart-Sicking, Spiritual Friendship after Religion: Walking with People while the Rules Are Changing (New York: Morehouse Publishing, 2016).
[viii] Jason Silva’s video “Awe” demonstrates this. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8QyVZrV3d3o&list=PLF7eeGkHcenROE1QnONFRzSRWCBh6LCCx&index=2
[ix] Jason Silva’s video “We Need to be Lost to Find Ourselves” demonstrates this. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1GlKdGZcP1E
[x] Lesley Hazleton’d book Agnostic: A Spirited Manifesto (New York: Riverhead Books, 2016) demonstrate this and her Ted Talk “The Doubt Essential to Faith” https://www.ted.com/talks/lesley_hazleton_the_doubt_essential_to_faith.
[xi] I am deeply indebted to Christopher Mack, minister at Trinity Baptist Church in San Antonio, Texas, for his insights in this area.

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Finding God’s purpose in the little things

By Craig Bird

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Somewhere in the 1960’s a prophet wrote to me. I hear him still.
 I do not remember his name or the newspaper column or anything more than these few words: “I saw the beginning of the decline of our civilization today on a trip to the grocery store. In the parking lot an able-bodied man, pulled into a clearly marked handicapped space. Inside a person with maybe 15 things in her cart checked-out at the register posted ‘10 items or fewer.’”
He was not unaware of all the chaos and turmoil of that fateful decade. John Kennedy and Martin Luther King assassinated. Vietnam and more Vietnam on the evening news. The British Invasion on teenagers’ radios. Killings at Kent State. Cities burning in race riots. The Cuban Missile Crisis. The Sexual Revolution. Time Magazine cover asking, “Is God Dead?”
But he was speaking the truth in irony and insisted that an inconsiderate driver and a few extra boxes and cans marked the tipping point toward our collective self-destruction. And I think he was right. When a critical mass of any group/nation/congregation/family begins to discard its shared commitment to kindness and fairness, that group/nation/congregation/family heads downhill.
Of course, the concept of small things leading to big things is all over the place: mighty oaks from little acorns grow . . . for want of a nail a kingdom was lost . . . a journey of a thousand miles begins with a single step. Most of us encountered them in our childhood reading time. (See “The Princess and the Pea” and “The Little Engine that Could.”)
But my prophet was not talking about motivational speeches or heart-warming success-against-all-odds stories. What struck him was the casualness of these actions. An unwillingness to tolerate the slight inconveniences by putting someone else’s needs first.
Maybe the refusal of 2017 Americans to discuss calmly their differences and the unrelenting politics of seek and destroy really were born in that Houston parking lot 50-plus years ago.
Wherever its small beginnings, that is the world students at Baptist University of the Américas face after graduation. Which is the reason I am glad that three of the university’s Core Values—and much of scripture—speak to this issue. 
  1. We are Christ-centered rooted in our faith in the person of Jesus Christ.
  2. We are Baptists to our core.
  3. We have a Holistic commitment to Teaching and Learning.
  4. We insist on Integrity, Responsibility, and Respect.
  5. We create Cross-cultural competence.
  6. We practice Hospitality.
  7. We focus on Community.
So what does all of this have to do with grocery stores, scripture, and BUA?
Let us start with Philippians 2:1-4 (NIV), paying special attention to the “ifs” and to verses three and four. “IF you have any encouragement from being united with Christ, IF any comfort from his love, IF any common sharing in the Spirit, IF any tenderness and compassion, then make my joy complete by being like-minded, having the same love, being one in spirit and of one mind. Do nothing out of selfish ambition or vain conceit. Rather, in humility value others above yourselves. not looking to your own interests but each of you to the interests of the others.”
Plain enough. Anyone who has enjoyed ANY benefits from his or her relationship with Jesus Christ are to, as The Message puts it: “Forget yourselves long enough to lend a helping hand.” The “humility” (Greek: tapeinophrosune) Paul is talking about was stunningly radical in his day. The Romans, like the Greeks, considered humility an abhorrent sign of weakness. Any man worthy of being called a man considered himself superior to others—and made sure, others knew it.
But the New Testament turns the word into the highest compliment.
The Greek in the text makes plain that we do not mean we lose sight of our own value before God. It is not that we think badly of ourselves, but because we love our fellow humans and Christ first loved us, we want to sacrifice for their benefit.
It is a love that does not demand its rights but ask for the privilege of serving. Verse 4 really drives the point home. It is about more than grocery store parking lots.
When Paul writes about “looking” to meet the needs of others, he makes two points that do not carry over clearly into the English translation. First, believers are to be both pro-active in noticing others’ situations and do so on a continual basis. Second, we are not to sacrifice our own needs and responsibilities. Rather the idea is that we do not focus so hard on what is good for us that we are oblivious to others.
Living examples of this are all over the place at Baptist University of the Américas.  
When the Spanish program was launched, the textbooks were expensive because they covered two semesters. In an early class, three students were venting about the high cost when another student defused the situation. “Some friends just sent my wife and me a love offering,” he explained. “I think it would honor their gift if we used it to pay for your books.” He had financial needs and wants that he probably had targeted but he saw someone whose needs were greater. Therefore, he met them.
Another student, struggling financially himself, learned a young Moldovan desperately needed a computer. Therefore, he gave him his laptop—meaning he had to use the computers in the library. To top it off, the Moldovan did not even attend BUA.
The best part about BUA is also the hardest part. We draw students from so many different cultures that we are always running into different viewpoints, different definitions of “normal” and different ways of doing things. Often it is the emotional equivalent of a sharp elbow in the ribs.
But those differences are what make the learning environment so rich, what allow us to expand our understanding of servanthood, to see new depths in familiar Bible passages.
However, all this enrichment happens only when we are true to our Core Values. To combine #4, #6 and #7: while we respectfully practice hospitality to build community, we get many opportunities to live out tapeinophrosune.
We truly believe BUA graduates are changing this world for the better. Not just because of the academic knowledge and spiritual training they receive, but because they know, too, the joy of “looking out for the best interest of others” in the small moments of life as well as the grand encounters.
The redemption of our world begins with small steps.  I think my prophet would agree.

wilderness point mug

Craig Bird is Assistant Professor of Missions and Cross Cultural Communications.

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Moses Made Me Cry: Reflections on an Alien’s Moment of Weakness

By João Chaves

La versión en español está disponible al final de este documento.

Those who know me know that I am not an emotional person. Not too long ago, however, Moses made me cry. The text was Exodus 2:22, which is not widely taken as an emotional text: Zipporah “bore him a son, and Moses named him Gershom; for he said, ‘I have been an alien residing in a foreign land.’”
I cried over Exodus 2:22 not just because I am an immigrant in the U.S. who is a father of two American-born children, but also because I saw in Moses’ naming of Gershom, the illusion that he had belonged in Egypt despite his alienized body, alienized name, and hybrid cultural background; an illusion that was dissipated only when Moses’ burning-bush experience prompted him to come to grips with what it really meant to be Hebrew in Egypt.
I know the end of the story, of course: Moses was powerfully used by God to set the Hebrew people free from Pharaoh’s Egypt-first policies. I also know that Moses’ late identification with his people was key to the story. Yet, Moses’ realization that Egypt was not a place for him and his people involved a negative crisis prompted by Egypt’s treatment of the aliens in their territory—and these alien Hebrews were, in terms of their birthplace, Egyptian through-and-through. Characterizations of belonging in terms of birthplace, however, are generally too weak to garner wide support from dominant cultures.
As the plot of the book of Exodus shows, what prompted Pharaoh’s Egypt-first policies was the growing number of aliens in Egypt that, in turn, threatened Pharaoh’s concept of an ideally pure Egyptian dominance. When such dominance was threatened by Hebrew numeric growth, Pharaoh imposed rules to oppress alien Hebrews. Moses, however, was sheltered from these harsh measures and found favor with Pharaoh’s daughter. When Moses grew up, he went to where his people lived and killed an Egyptian man who was oppressing a Hebrew man. Moses then fled when he realized his life was in danger (Exodus 1:1-2:15); it turned out that the life of one pure Egyptian man was worth much more than those of Egyptian-born Hebrew children Pharaoh had previously killed.
Given this background, I am amazed by Moses’ sadness in naming his son Gershom because his naming suggests that Moses’ self-understanding was one that highlighted that he once belonged in Egypt: “I have been an alien residing in a foreign land,” he said in his exile. But belong in Egypt he did not! Moses was a Hebrew in a land made by Egyptians for Egyptians. Sure that previous Pharaohs, those who remembered Joseph, had policies of Hebrew inclusion, but then, as the Bible tells us, “a new king who did not know about Joseph, came to power in Egypt” (Exodus 1:8) and things became harsh for aliens under the new administration, an administration that was condemned by the God who heard the cries of the aliens in Egypt.
Before the burning bush, Moses seemed to have missed Egypt as if he belonged there. But under Egypt’s current administration there would be no space for a path toward full belonging, and Moses needed a divine “wake-up call” in order for him to turn away from his mentality of Egyptian-in-exile and become an agent for his people’s liberation. It is only in the burning-bush experience that we clearly see Moses taking a knee to the Egyptian anthem. That is, it is in the presence of the I Am that Moses is irreversibly turned towards his oppressed people, and, as a necessary consequence, turned against the state that oppressed them.
The experience of the naming of Gershom, however, came before God revealed his plan for Hebrew liberation and it uncovers a dynamic not uncommon to those who live in hybridity. Moses, as a Hebrew, did not belong in Egypt—especially under Egypt’s new administration. Moses, however, could not think of a land to which he could fully attach his identity. The divine call to liberation, therefore, came with the promise for a land that Hebrews could call their own. But the possibility for liberation had to pass through the path of Hebrew unity and organization; unity against the Egyptian administration and organization for the implementation of initiatives that would facilitate Hebrew freedom.
It is precisely in terms of unity that Martin Luther King, Jr. evoked the image of Pharaoh in his sermon I’ve Been to the Mountaintop and urged African-Americans to fight against the injustices perpetuated by the most powerful sectors of U.S. dominant culture.
The possibilities of unity against the current Egyptian administration and organization for Hebrew liberation, however, just became a reality in Moses’ mind when he realized he did not belong. He did not belong not because he wasn’t born in Egypt; he was. He did not belong not because he didn’t speak the language; he did. He did not belong not because he was not proficient in Egyptian culture; he was. He did not belong because the new Egyptian administration, which was reflected in Egyptian culture, was drowned in Egyptian supremacism and, as such, alienized ethnicities such as the Hebrews did not find their best interests reflected in the administration’s policies. But Moses, in Exodus 2:22, still thought he belonged, it seems to me. It was that Moses who made me cry.
The Moses who made me cry was not the liberator, but the Moses who thought he belonged in Egypt. The Moses who made me cry was the Moses who, partially because of his privileges, failed to act for the benefit of the least of Egyptian society even when the least of Egyptian society was his own people. The Moses who made me cry was the Moses who attached his identity so strongly to Egypt that he did not realize the extent to which the Egyptian administration had shown, again and again, that his people were perceived by the leadership as inconveniences at best and threats at worst. That is the Moses I see in Exodus 2:22; the Moses who regrets his son is not born an Egyptian, even if his current Egypt represented a state that despised him. This Moses, the Moses before the liberation, is the Moses who made me cry. The Moses who was so enamored with connecting his identity to the biggest empire on earth, that he was blinded to how such empire hated him.
And, if ethnic minorities ever find themselves living under an antagonistic administration, the God-given, post-burning bush strategy of Moses seems to offer a timeless path: believe, organize, resist, and overcome!

joao-chavez

João Chaves, BUA adjunct professor, is a Brazilian-born historian of Christianity. He loves trying to catch up to his marathon-running wife and playing board games with his two American children. João is the author of Evangelical and Liberation Revisited (Wipf & Stock, 2013) and of several peer-reviewed articles and book chapters.

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A Living Faith

By Howard Anderson

 La versión en español está disponible al final de este documento.

 What is faith?
“Faith is the confidence that what we hope for will actually happen; it gives us assurance about things we cannot see” (Hebrews 11:1, NLT).
According to Gordon W. Allport, “Faith … seems to carry a warmer glow of affection than does bare belief. It suggests that though the risk may be greater, still the commitment is stronger and the outcome of the wager more precious” (The Individual and His Religion). Faith seems simple and easy when all goes right. It may even stand up against some drastic event that would seem to shake the foundations.
It is easy to say “I will be faithful to death” when there are no clouds on the horizon. The trials of earthly life can be overwhelming—Aids, cancer, drug and alcohol addiction, babies born out of wedlock, and a government that seems determined to “Make America Great Again” by reversing the Civil Rights of black and brown people, and cancelling the health care for over 24 million Americans. Life conditions are accompanied by socioeconomic stratification. Our faith may not enable us to see as clearly into the future.
A living faith will help you to see yourself as God sees you … children of the living God. We need guidance every day of our lives. Psalm 139 is a marvelous comment upon God’s wonderful knowledge of us and His profuse love for us, just the way we are. With all our objectionable baggage… we belong to God—lock, stock, and barrel. God desires to gain intimacy with us through a living faith.
We can be secure about our spiritual lives. The unknown writer of Hebrews tells us that through faith and because of the blood of Jesus, our sins can be forgiven and we can experience the presence of God in a new and life-giving way. Faith is important for salvation.
The priesthood of Christ is superior to the Levitical priesthood, which was made at Mount Sinai. The Levitical priesthood could not bring the people to perfection. There was no permanent reconciliation between the people and God through the temporary animal sacrifices. The people needed the perfect sacrifice, Jesus Christ, who gave His life once to restore the people to a relationship with God.
The Levitical high priests atoned for all sins of the people on the Day of Atonement. Every year, the high priest entered the Holy of Holies where he made a sacrifice for the nation’s sins. A curtain prevented anyone from seeing the inner sanctuary. When Jesus died for the sins of humanity, the curtain was torn open, permitting anyone to enter the holiest of all—God’s presence. The high priest was no longer required for believers to be forgiven. By a “new and life-giving way” (Hebrews 10:20), believers can go directly to God through faith in Christ.
Christ shed His blood to give humanity the ability to come before God’s presence by faith. Our High Priest is Jesus Christ, who experienced the pain, temptations, and trials that we face as believers. By the righteousness of Christ, the Superior Priest, “we can boldly enter heaven’s Most Holy Place because of the blood of Jesus” (Hebrews 10:19). Through the shed blood of Christ, we can come before our Creator by faith.
Through Christ, we can freely enter into the presence of God. Through faith in Christ’s work on our behalf, we come “fully trusting,” that our sins are forgiven. The believer must be cleansed before he or she can come before the Holy One. While we are declared “not guilty” because of the work of Christ, we need to cleanse ourselves daily by turning away from sin and turning to God to experience the fullness of relationship with Him. We must give ourselves completely to God and maintain a personal relationship with Jesus.
The writer of Hebrews encourages believers to “hold tightly without wavering to the hope we affirm” (Hebrews 10:23). God reveals His promises and truths through His Word; therefore, we must embrace God’s Word and resist temptation and opposition. His promises are our treasures that we believe with a confident expectation. The foundation of our faith is based upon the integrity and righteousness of Christ. We have hope because “God is faithful” (1 Corinthians 1:9), and God can be trusted to keep his promise (Hebrews 10:23).
But this salvation affects not only our spiritual lives, but all of our existence. Therefore, we cannot be discouraged by the alternate facts and the willful sin against God’s people. Believers must stir up the qualities of love and good works toward each other (Hebrews 10:24). Believers can have an impact on one another by loving and doing good deeds for each other. The fellowship of believers is a source of encouragement; it is an opportunity to share faith and grow stronger; promotes accountability; and it is the opportunity to worship and pray with others. Praising God through thanksgiving and through acknowledging His character and attributes is one of the best ways I know to break the bonds of willful sin.
Have you accepted Christ by faith and experienced a relationship with God that is only available through Christ, the Superior Priest? The world is temporary, but our life with God is eternal. Each day we must trust God and hold on to our faith and then share our faith with others. When we share our love for God, we can encourage others and introduce them to a new life through Christ.

Picture Dr. Anderson

Dr. Howard Anderson is celebrating 39 years in the gospel ministry—theologian/spiritual director and an Ordained Baptist minister. In his third year, he serves as an adjunct professor in biblical/theological studies for the Baptist University of the Américas. He is a certified spiritual counselor. He is currently serving as the Executive Director for the Community Churches for Social Action, Associate Pastor at the St. Paul Baptist Church, and Senior Vice President at the San Antonio Theological College.

La versión en español está disponible aquí.

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